The ancient language of ivrit ( עברית ) Genesis #8
Welcome back to my DTube Hebrew reading & language series.
The full study is now on line covering the Alef-Beyt here in my blog. This is a beginners program to teach letters, vowels, and reading. The vowels are marked in this bible and are designed to help avoid confusion on what a word is and how it is pronounced. The confusion is obvious in the hundreds of interpretations globally. In modern Hebrew, only children need a niqqud or vowel marking for each letter. Old manuscripts also usually have vowels marked.
This week's reading is from Genesis 1:15 onward.
We are talking about the naming of the day, the night, and the setting of the stars in the expanse. I really try to keep the lessons short so we can learn a few new things each time we read.
Here you have today's lesson in a nutshell. Several examples of (m) and (f) nouns in their plural forms and an example of an infinitive verb. Infinitives always start with a lamed with the vowel shvah (:) under them.
Great and Small
or big and little if you like.
These are the adjectives used for feminine nouns. We can tell this by looking at the ending of the plural noun "lights". It ends with tav which is one way to tell that this noun is feminine.
You can see that the hey at the beginning of each is the word "the" and it also refers the the only big light and the only small light by context. In this case, English works the same way, my interpretation reads, "God made two light sources larger than the rest, the bigger one rules the day and the smaller one rules the night, and stars..." You can see that removing the word "one" would sound bad in English. It would not sound bad in Spanish without the word 'uno' and it would be left out - not necessary.
There is no such thing as a "translation" because everything needs to be interpreted and has the translator's bias or twist incorporated. A a trilingual person, I make translation decisions all day every day. Should I use phrase-A which works, or phrase-B which also works? I have to choose which one works as I speak or write in daily life.
Here are the links
Please click over to DTube and read the above passage with me in Hebrew.
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I give no opinion, but yours are welcome below