Causes and Symptoms of Heart Disease and Tips to Prevent it
Heart disease is one of the disease with the highest patient level in Indonesia. By 2018, there are 17.3 million deaths caused by heart disease. Meanwhile, 39% of the world's population deaths are caused by heart disease.
This number continues to increase every year and is estimated in 2035 will reach 23.6 million people of the world who died from heart disease and blood vessels.
Heart disease itself is a disease that describes the state of the heart is not good. These heart diseases include vascular pain, heart rhythm disorders, and heart damage that is innate.
Heart disease and blood vessels are caused by several factors. However, this disease is generally caused by atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a condition in which a substance forms a plaque that then attaches and enlarges in the artery ducts. This plaque will make the blood flow inhibited. If a blood clot forms up, the clot will stop the blood flow and cause a heart attack or stroke.
Some types of heart disease include heart failure, arrhythmia, and heart valve disorders. Disease of heart failure is a disease caused by heart failure in performing its function. The main function of the heart is to pump blood throughout the body. When a person suffers from this disease, the heart can not circulate the blood that carries oxygen throughout the body.
Meanwhile, arrhythmia is a disease characterized by an abnormal heartbeat. The patient's heartbeat can be faster or slower than a normal heartbeat. Bradycardia is when the heart rate is less than 60 bpm, while tachycardia is when the heart rate is more than 100 bpm.
Heart valve disorders occur when the heart valve is not open and normally closed. This can inhibit blood flow and can also make the blood flow uncontrollable.