Coronary heart disease

in #health3 years ago

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Coronary heart disease is a type of heart disease the leading cause of death either in men or women in the world.

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common type of heart disease and the highest death for men and women in the world. A data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says the disease has killed more than 370,000 people annually.

Coronary heart disease occurs when the arteries that supply blood to the heart hardens and narrows due to buildup of cholesterol and other substances or better known as plaque. As plaque builds up and clogs the bloodstream, the heart does not get the blood supply, oxygen and other essential nutrients your heart needs to function normally.
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Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease

Heart disease is a degenerative disease in the sense of coronary heart disease takes a long time in the process of formation and buildup of plaque in the arteries.

Signs and symptoms of coronary heart disease:

-The chest pain (angina)
-Hard to breathe
-Heart attack

Stress physically as well as emotionally can trigger the tightness and discomfort in your chest, feels like there is pressure on the chest. This pain is called angina, this is a sign or symptom of coronary heart disease. Chest pain that occurs when you do heavy physical activity and disappear after rest is also a hallmark of angina.

How To Diagnose Coronary Heart Disease:

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-Electrocardiogram (ECG or ECG) to see if you have ever experienced
heart attack.
Echocardiogram to see and measure the level of heart function
-Kateterization of the heart or angiogram to check the flow of blood through
your heart.
-Computerized tomography (CT) scan on your heart's organs to check
a pile of plaques in your arteries.
-Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), using MRI technology for
looking for blockage in the blood vessels.

Causes and Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease
Plaque buildup in the coronary arteries is usually caused by damage to the inner wall of the coronary artery and this can occur from childhood. This damage is usually caused by:

Smoking habit
Suffering from high blood disease
High cholesterol levels
Have diabetes
Radiation therapy for the treatment of cancer in the chest area
Lifestyle that is not actively lazy to exercise
Family history of coronary heart disease
Overweight or obese
High stes level
The researchers also studied other factors that can cause such coronary heart disease

Elevated triglycerides
Homocystein is high
Increased lipoproterin-a
If you have some risk factors for coronary heart disease, such as smoking or have high blood pressure, see your doctor immediately so you can get immediate treatment to reduce future risks such as lowering high blood pressure or high cholesterol levels.

Treatment of Coronary Heart Disease
If you have received a verdict from a doctor that you are suffering from coronary heart disease hurry to change lifestyle such as:

Quit smoking
Eat a healthy diet
Exercise regularly
Lose weight
Reduce stress
In addition to the above tips, treatment of coronary heart disease can also be done by taking coronary heart drugs, including:

Cholesterol-lowering drugs, designed to reduce bad cholesterol and increase good cholesterol
Blood-thinning medications such as aspirin that serves to reduce the risk of blood clots
Nitroglycerin to control chest pain works clearing blockages in the coronary arteries
Angiotesin converting enzyme and angina receptor blockers to lower blood pressure
In some cases coronary heart disease requires more serious treatment such as ring fitting of the coronary arteries, angiopathy or coronary artery bypass surgery which of course costs very much. Ring mounted aims to open a narrowed artery in order to increase blood flow.
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Complications of Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary artery disease can cause the following complications

Angina chest pain
Heart attack
The inability of the heart to pump blood heart failure
The heartbeat rhythm of the abnormal arrhythmia
With early examination and appropriate treatment of coronary heart disease can help stop or slow the progression of coronary artery disease and help prevent the occurrence of complications of coronary heart disease.

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