It is important to know about diseases of the circulatory system: angina pectoris, which is a disease characterized by discomfort and pain behind the sternum, which is caused by an acute lack of blood supply to the myocardium.
The most important symptom of the disease is the pain and squeezing sensation behind the sternum, which lasts from 15 minutes to half an hour. The pain arises and stops abruptly. Sometimes there is weakness, nausea, shortness of breath and excessive sweating. A painful attack of angina pectoris can be caused by physical effort, walking or emotional stress.
The main cause of angina is insufficient nutrition of the heart muscle, due to insufficient blood flow. Most of the time this happens in the case of a narrowing of the light of the coronary arteries due to the defeat of their atherosclerotic plaques.
An attack of angina can occur in the presence of inflammation in the coronary vessels, as well as in case of carbon monoxide poisoning.
In addition, the risk of disease increases in people with a sedentary lifestyle, smokers, overweight people and diabetes.
The treatment of angina pectoris aims to prevent attacks and the risk of complications such as: Arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, circulatory failure, heart block, left ventricular failure, cardiosclerosis, chronic heart failure and sudden death.
For quick relief of an attack, medications are prescribed: nitrates. Relieve the condition and reduce pain in a few minutes.
The planned treatment involves the administration of anti-ischemic drugs, long-acting nitrates, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, statins, antiplatelet agents, etc.