#3 | First template and static files - Django tutorial

in guide •  7 months ago 

django-img

Welcome to the third part of the web application development guide in Django.

Repository

https://github.com/Polianek/django-tutorial

What Will I Learn?

In this article, we will create the first template and connect css to this template using static files.

Requirements

  • Installed django (>= v. 2.1)

Difficulty

Basic

Tutorial Contents

First thing, let's connect the index.html template to the view. Change
return HttpResponse('Hello world!') into
return render(request, 'sockshub/index.html'). Your code in the views.py file should look like this:

from django.http import HttpResponse
from django.shortcuts import render

def index(request):
    return render(request, 'sockshub/index.html')

Now create a tree in the project folder named 'sockshub'. templates/sockshub/index.html

Now open the file index.html created a moment ago and enter the paste there:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Socks photos stock</title>
</head>
<body>
    <div id="navbar">
        <ul>
            <li>Home</li>
            <li>Gallery</li>
        </ul>
    </div>
    <div id="container">
        My favourite socks: img
    </div>
</body>
</html>

As you can see, the page reads the file correctly :) Now it's time to add some css - we will use the static file.

Create a new project with the command django-admin createapp personal while in the main application folder (where the manage.py file is located).

Now add 'personal' to INSTALLED_APPS in settings.py.

If you have the application turned on all the time, you will notice that after saving settings.py you will see a folder migrations in personal - that's good.
Create the tree, this time in the personal folder. static/personal/sockshub.css


Return to index.html and paste this in the 'head' tag:

{% load static %}
<link href="{% static 'personal/sockshub.css' %}" rel="stylesheet">

and edit the previously created sockshub.css file according to your own idea. Because of the lack of artistic talent i did it like this:

html, body{
    background: salmon;
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;
    width: 100%;
    height: 100%;
    position: relative;
}
ul, li, ol{list-style-type: none; margin: 0;}
#navbar{
    top: 0;
    width: 100%;
    height: 35px;
    border-bottom: 2px solid #333;
    background: aquamarine;
}
#navbar > ul > li{
    float: left;
    width: 5vw;
    line-height: 2;
}

!!! IMPORTANT !!!
If you have an application running, you must restart it to load static files correctly.

That's it. Have fun with your app ;)

Curriculum

Proof of Work Done

https://github.com/Polianek/django-tutorial/tree/master/3%20-%20First%20template%20and%20static%20files

In the next article I will describe models and admin panel, Cya.

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