A story that interests us all: "Bees" Where do they come from and how are they born naturally?
The bee family is a fairly complex mechanism. Therefore, it is important for the beekeeper to know how bees are born.
In beekeeping, it is necessary to regulate family size and increase the number of bee families on time.
The appearance of new active bees begins with the eggs. In winter, the queen forms a new colony and places them in each cell. Worker bees are born from fertilized eggs. Unfertilized: they will become drones. For the colony to develop, the uterus must put fertilized eggs. Workers who derive there will buy food and take care of the family.
The history of beekeeping goes back more than 4,500 years.
Each colony has only one queen, which combines very early with the males and collects more than 5 million sperm. Take a bridal flight and accumulate enough sperm to lay eggs throughout your life.
The placement process is considered a method of natural reproduction. Its length is 1 to 1.5 mm. It is almost half the grain of rice. During the process, the uterus moves along the frame, carefully examining each cell before depositing the egg.
Honey bees, royal jelly and other larval products will be placed in the lateral cells of the working bees.
A young womb flies where the drones are: honey bees. Her first flight is when she begins to dominate the hive. It attracts them with secreted pheromones. A drone flies towards the queen and accompanies her in flight. You can fly up to 3 times a day and several times in the following days. The average flight time is about 20-25 minutes.
The two individuals are in the air at an altitude of 10 to 20 m from the ground. After ejaculation, the drone falls from the queen and its endofallus detaches from the body and joins the newly fertilized uterus.
The next drone that joins him will eliminate the anterior endophagus and eventually lose his after ejaculation. After mating, males die from abdominal rupture after endophyllus extraction.
The male bees that survived the flight are expelled from the hive because they have accomplished their unique mission. During her life, the queen only performs a mating flight. After several matings, it will accumulate more than 100 million sperm in its oviducts. Semen quality varies.
This is necessary to ensure better offspring survival. The sperm reserves are sufficient to fertilize the ovules throughout the life of the uterus. If you run out of sperm, the fertilizer function will be transferred to the new queen.
How bees are born.
The uterus controls the sex of its offspring. When the ovules cross the ovary to reach the oviduct, you can determine whether a particular egg is fertilized or not. Unfertilized eggs become drones and fertilized ones become bees or queens.
Working honey bees do not mate, but they can lay sterile eggs that become drones.
The uterus lays eggs in oval structural cells attached to the roof of the nest. In a hive, a frame with honeycombs, lays up to 2000 eggs a day. The egg joins the cell with the mucous membrane.
During the first stage of development, the digestive system, the nervous system and the outer membranes are formed. Three days later, the larvae hatch.
The larvae have no legs, eyes, antennae or wings. They look like grains of rice with a small mouth. Its length is approximately 1.6 mm.
The bees feed on royal jelly during the first three days of the larval state. Subsequently, workers base their feeding on pollen and nectar or diluted honey (the larvae chosen to be queens continue to eat royal jelly).
Meanwhile, its size increases considerably and begins to occupy the entire volume of the cells. At the end of the sixth day, the bees seal the cells. The larvae will be in them 12 days. Meanwhile, a young bee is formed in each cell.
The first 3 days, the larvae do not differ from sex. But the new queen will be nourished with royal jelly, not 3, but 5 days, after which the cell will be sealed with her. The uterus will hatch on the eighth day. The drone is obtained from an unfertilized egg. This will be the 7-day larva, then it will go to the nymph stage.