Six out of ten children have suffered abuse.
Child abuse is a global problem, according to UNICEF report, girls who have been forced to have sex and victims of other sexual assaults at some point in their lives. Dilucidated that in the world the figure amounts to 120 million, 6 out of 10 children in the world have suffered physical abuse by their caregivers.
According to the WHO, child abuse is defined as abuse and neglect that are under 18, and includes all types of physical or psychological abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, neglect and commercial or other exploitation. that cause or may cause harm to the health, development or dignity of the child, or endanger their survival, in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power. Exposure to partner violence is also sometimes included among forms of child abuse.
Consequently, four types of abuse byabuse their caregivers:
are definedPhysicalis defined as damage caused by a caregiver that causes real physical damage or has the potential to cause it.
Sexual abuse is defined when the acts of a person use a child for sexual gratification.
Emotional abuse is the behavior and actions that prevent the normal development of the child. This behavior contains adverse acts on the emotional health of the child, these can be lack of love and support, denigration, ridicule, threats and intimidation, discrimination, rejection, any other form of unfavorable treatment.
Neglect occurs when no measures are taken to promote the development of the child in the following areas: health, education, optimal living conditions for full development.
There are risk factors that increase the conditions for child abuse to occur.
Risk factors of parents or guardians that may lead to increased risks of child abuse:
Problems in establishing emotional ties with the baby.
Personal history of parents or guardians of child abuse.
Drug use during pregnancy.
Collaboration and criminal attitudes.
Family risk factors that influence the increased risk of child abuse:
Developmental, physical, mental or social problems of a member.
Family breakdown and / or violence among members.
Loss of support between family and loved ones when raising the child.
Social risk factors Social
inequality and machismo.
Lack of basic care and rights, family support and support from the responsible institutions.
Unemployment and poverty.
The ease of obtaining alcohol and drugs.
The ease of getting drugs and alcohol.
Insufficient programs for awareness and prevention of child abuse. Pornography, child labor and prostitution.
The childs orchildren abusedhas the following characteristics:
isolation from friends or routine activities
Changes in behavior, such as aggression, anger, hostilityhyperactivity, or changes in school performance
depression, anxiety or unusual fears, or Sudden loss of self-confidence
Apparent lack of supervision.
Frequent absences at school.
I refuse to leave school activities, as if I don't want to go home
Attempts to run away from home.
Rebel or defiant behavior.
Self harm or suicide attempt.
El child abuse can have serious consequences that can lastlifetime these can cause behavioral problems, mental and physical such as Acts of violence (being the victims but also the perpetrators) Depression consumption snuff Obesity Behaviors sexual highrisk pregnancies Unwanted Alcohol and drug abuse.
PPrevention:or so, prevention, which must involve all actors in society,order to interpret the complexity of the problem and achieve infancia.estas prevent abuse are classified into two levels of care
Increase skills in parents through health education (accidents, food, hygiene,development psychomotor, constructive discipline)
Preparation for childbirth.
Prevent unwanted pregnancy especially in young women.
Healthy Child Program.
Modify parents' attitudes towards the establishment of norms and limits.
Promote the innate abilities of parents.
Identification of risk families.
Recognize and intervene in cases of domestic violence among adults.
Refer to Mental Health parents with drug addictions or psychiatric disorders.
Information on institutional or non-governmental support networks.
Coordination with social worker.
Prenatal home visit and up to two years.
Increase the number of follow-up visits.
Increase abilities and skills in parents.
Promote the innate abilities of parents.
Promote the stimulation of the child.
Orother aspects that we must analyze is child sexual violence, this refers to the contact or interaction of a child with an adult. When the adult uses the child to stimulate sexually without his will. The aggressors are usually adults known to children and adolescents, but sometimes they can also be minors.
Finally, preventive measures must be taken to this problem to prevent casualties, such as: Teaching children that no one known or unknown can touch their body or caress them to bother them. If your children tell you that there are people who annoy you, do not dismiss it and pay attention to their behavior and take into account the aforementioned indicators. Try not to lose sight of your children in mass events: walks, parties, shopping malls or activities outside your home. Encourage your children not to accept gifts in exchange for a condition or request. Inform your child of the importance that no one can take pictures without their consent. Keep an eye on the websites your children visit, as well as your friends on social networks.