New F1 helmet safety standard to be introduced for 2019.
Under the new FIA 8860-2018 standard all helmets must withstand the following tests:
Standard impact: Helmet impact at 9.5m/s. Peak deceleration on ‘driver’s head’ shall not exceed 275G.
Low velocity impact: Helmet impact at 6m/s. Peak deceleration shall not exceed 200G with a maximum average of 180g.
Low lateral impact: Helmet impact at 8.5m/s. Peak deceleration shall not exceed 275G.
Advanced Ballistic Protection: A 225g metal projectile fired at 250km/h. The peak deceleration shall not exceed 275G.
Crush: A 10kg weight falling 5.1 metres onto helmet. Lateral and longitudinal tests. The transmitted force should not exceed 10 kN.
Shell penetration: A 4kg impactor dropped onto helmet at 7.7 m/s.
Visor penetration: Air rifle fires 1.2g pellet at visor. Pellet must not penetrate the interior of the helmet.
Visor coating: Transmitter test to ensure colouration and vision is not significantly changed or distorted.
Retention system: Roll-off test and dynamic test to ensure strength of chin strap and its attachments.
Chin guard linear impact: Impact test with full headform at 5.5m/s. The peak deceleration shall not exceed 275G.
Chin guard crush: Hammer hits chin guard and measures ability to keep impact away from the head.
FHR mechanical strength: Test to ensure high strength of attachment points for Frontal Head Restraints.
Projection and surface friction: Test to ensure helmet surface uniformity and that friction is minimised. Shell surface also subjected to BARCOL hardness test for resistance to penetration.