Debugging EOS on WindowssteemCreated with Sketch.

in #eos5 years ago (edited)

In our previous post, we have shown how to install, compile and run EOS code on Windows 10 by combining Windows Subsystem for Linux with the Visual Studio Code editor.

In this post, assuming the EOS code has been successfully compiled, we present how the code can be run in debug mode and stopped using breakpoints. Visual Studio Code works pretty well for this purpose.

software-bug-web1.jpg
Image source: http://www.edinkapic.com

Set-up

  1. Launch a new Ubuntu shell by either:
    -- Typing bash in the Windows Command Prompt or in the Windows PowerShell, or
    -- Using the Bash on Ubuntu on Windows shortcut available from the Start Menu.

  2. Inside the Ubuntu shell install the debugger:
    sudo apt install gdb

  3. Still inside the Ubuntu shell run the following command to make sure the variable EOSIO_INSTALL_DIR has been properly defined:
    echo ${EOSIO_INSTALL_DIR}
    It should return something like /mnt/x/Workspaces/EOS/eos, i.e. the location of the EOS source code. If case you need to create it or redefine it, just run:
    export EOSIO_INSTALL_DIR=/mnt/x/Workspaces/EOS/eos
    echo "export EOSIO_INSTALL_DIR=${EOSIO_INSTALL_DIR}" >> ~/.profile
    NOTE: make sure to replace x/Workspaces/EOS with the appropriate path that matches the workspace location you have chosen on your computer.

Add C/C++ Extension to VSC

  1. Start Visual Studio Code. Inside Visual Studio Code open the folder containing the content of the EOS source code. In our case it's X:\Workspaces\EOS\eos.

  2. Make sure the C/C++ for Visual Studio Code extension by Microsoft is installed. If not, add it and restart Visual Studio Code.

Configure C/C++

In Visual Studio Code navigate to View > Command Palette and select C/Cpp: Edit Configurations... to open the c_cpp_properties.json file. Replace the content of this file with the following text:

{
    "configurations": [
        {
            "name": "Linux",
            "includePath": [
                "/usr/include",
                "/usr/local/include",
                "/usr/local/include/openssl",
                "${HOME}/opt/boost_1_64_0/include/",
                "${EOSIO_INSTALL_DIR}"
            ],
            "defines": [],
            "intelliSenseMode": "clang-x64",
            "browse": {
                "path": [
                    "/usr/include",
                    "/usr/local/include",
                    "/usr/local/include/openssl",
                    "${HOME}/opt/boost_1_64_0/include",    
                    "${EOSIO_INSTALL_DIR}"
                ],
                "limitSymbolsToIncludedHeaders": true,
                "databaseFilename": ""
            }
        },
        {
            "name": "Win32",
            "includePath": [
                "${localappdata}/lxss/rootfs/usr/include",
                "${localappdata}/lxss/rootfs/usr/local/include",
                "${localappdata}/lxss/rootfs/usr/include/openssl",
                "${localappdata}/lxss/home/tokenika/opt/boost_1_64_0/include",
                "${workspaceRoot}"
            ],
            "defines": [
                "_DEBUG",
                "UNICODE"
            ],
            "intelliSenseMode": "msvc-x64",
            "browse": {
                "path": [
                    "${localappdata}/lxss/rootfs/usr/include",
                    "${localappdata}/lxss/rootfs/usr/local/include",
                    "${localappdata}/lxss/rootfs/usr/include/openssl",
                    "${localappdata}/lxss/home/tokenika/opt/boost_1_64_0/include",
                    "${workspaceRoot}/../eos2"
                ],
                "limitSymbolsToIncludedHeaders": true,
                "databaseFilename": ""
            }
        }
    ],
    "version": 3
}

NOTE1: In the expression ${localappdata}/lxss/home/tokenika/opt/boost_1_64_0/include make sure to replace our Ubuntu user name (i.e. tokenika) with the one you have chosen when setting up Ubuntu.

NOTE2: Most probably there is a bug inside the IntelliSenseMode extension. It manifests itself as a never ending loop consuming your processor power, when parsing the source code. To avoid it, just open a Windows command prompt and run the following command to create a link named eos2 pointing at your eos folder (remember to adjust the paths to suit your local settings):

mklink /d X:\Workspaces\EOS\eos2 X:\Workspaces\EOS\eos

We make use of this link by applying ${workspaceRoot}/../eos2 instead of just ${workspaceRoot} in the above configuration file, even though it resolves to the same location. This does the trick to fix the IntelliSenseMode bug. You might need to restart your Visual Studio Code for this to take effect. When everything is correct you should see no errors in the Problems panel (View > Problems).

Configure Debugger

In Visual Studio Code navigate to View > Debug to switch to the Debug perspective and then click on the Configure icon on the top bar to generate a file named launch.json for your workspace. Replace the content of this file with the following text:

{
    "version": "0.2.0",
    "configurations": [
        {
            "name": "(gdb) Bash on Windows Launch",
            "type": "cppdbg",
            "request": "launch",
            "program": "/mnt/x/Workspaces/EOS/eos/build/programs/eosd/eosd",
            "args": [],
            "stopAtEntry": false,
            "cwd": "/mnt/x/Workspaces/EOS/eos",
            "environment": [],
            "externalConsole": true,
            "pipeTransport": {
                "debuggerPath": "/usr/bin/gdb",
                "pipeProgram": "C:/Windows/sysnative/bash.exe",  
                "pipeArgs": ["-c"],
                "pipeCwd": ""
            },
            "windows": {
                "MIMode": "gdb",
                "setupCommands": [
                {
                    "description": "Enable pretty-printing for gdb",
                    "text": "-enable-pretty-printing",
                    "ignoreFailures": true
                }
                ]
            },
            "sourceFileMap": 
            {
                "/mnt/x": "X:\\"
            }
        }
    ]
}

NOTE: Make sure to replace /mnt/x/Workspaces/EOS and "/mnt/x": "X:\\" with appropriate values matching your local settings. Also, make sure to use lower case here: /mnt/x.

Run in Debug Mode

In Visual Studio Code follow these steps:

  1. Open the programs\eosd\main.cpp source file.

  2. Navigate to View > Debug to switch to the Debug perspective.

  3. Set a breakpoint in the main.cpp file somewhere close to the beginning of the code, e.g. at this line: app().register_plugin<net_plugin>().

  4. Now run Debug > Start Debugging. If everything goes as expected the code execution should start and then halt at your breakpoint. At this stage you should be able to access the values of local variables in the debug panels on the left-hand side.

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Congratulations to Tokenika. You are doing a good job.

That's what im looking for! Thanks for your post

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