Crisis of panic
In this disorder, information is the best prevention. Knowing what panic is, how you can control it and, in this way, lose your fear, is the first and main step to overcome an anxiety crisis.
Anxiety is a natural emotion that allows us to carry out effective coping behavior in situations that we value as dangerous. When the anxiety exceeds in frequency, intensity or duration it stops being adaptive to become a problem. This is what happens with panic attacks, also called anxiety crises or panic attacks, where the person experiences high levels of anxiety so intense that they even panic.
Currently and according to the latest classifications regarding this disorder is defined as a crisis or panic attack episodes of intense fear of more or less abrupt, spontaneous onset, and that can vary between a few minutes and up to one hour in duration. Its clinical expression is defined by a good number of somatic symptoms such as tachycardia or chest pain.
Anxiety disorder usually leads to multiple episodes of panic over a long period of time and a fear of recurrences of these and their consequences. On many occasions it is linked to other diseases such as post-traumatic stress, hypochondriacal disorders or depressive disorders. Historically agoraphobia was included in this group of diseases, but in the latest consensus it is classified separately from this process.
Like most emotional problems, panic attacks affect women more than men and constitute 3-8% of consultations in primary care (Katon W, 2006). Its general prevalence is estimated at around 3-4% of the population between 15 and 55 years. As of this age, its prevalence decreases markedly with its peak around the third decade of life.
In this disorder, more than in any other, information is the best prevention. Knowing what panic is, how you can control it and, in this way, lose your fear, is the first and main step to overcome the problem.