三个臭皮匠,顶不过一个诸葛亮steemCreated with Sketch.

in cn-book •  last month

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中国有句古话,说“三个臭皮匠,顶过一个诸葛亮”,从社会心理学家的角度来看,这句话是不成立的。三个臭皮匠别说顶不了一个诸葛亮,连一个正常理性人的智商都没有

社会心理学家认为:

人都有理性的一面和非理性的一面,如果非理性的一面被统一以后,心理群体的智商甚至比单个理性人的智商还要低,非理性的心理群体会产生系统性合力

表现就有从众心理和羊群效应。

比如一个分叉路口,第一辆车随机做出了一个左拐,后面的车就会跟随,然后就有更多的车往一个方向跟随,也许这个方向是错的。

比如一个社会事件,即使是一个错误的观点在信息的瀑布中被强化,更多的人会相信和跟随这个观点,而失去自己的理性去看待这个问题。

比如在股市投资上,就是容易产生“错误定价”,股票价格暴涨,于是更多人就跟风买入,股票价格已经跌得很惨了,但是大家会同时产生恐慌情绪,都不愿意买,全部都在卖。

人是不理性的,三个臭皮匠也许抵不过一个正常人的理性,谈何顶过诸葛亮。

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