Mostly Saturn consists of hydrogen, with impurities of helium and traces of water, methane, ammonia and heavy elements. The inner region is a relatively small core of iron, Nickel and ice, covered with a thin layer of metallic hydrogen and a gaseous outer layer. The outer atmosphere of the planet seems to be calm and homogeneous from space, although sometimes long-term formations appear on it. The wind speed on Saturn can reach 1800 km/h, which is much higher than on Jupiter. Saturn has a planetary magnetic field, which occupies an intermediate position in tension between The earth's magnetic field and Jupiter's powerful field.
Saturn's magnetic field stretches for 1,000,000 kilometers in the direction of the Sun. The shock wave was recorded by Voyager 1 at a distance of 26.2 radius of Saturn from the planet itself, the magnetopause is located at a distance of 22.9 radius.