As explaining in my words ,culture is a heritage which is delivered from older generations to us and it consists values , traditions , language and expressions which we use in our daily life.Culture is a thing which connects different people to each other by creating common values between them and It is usually created in long times as century or two , even more.
Culture densely effects peoples lifes and differs from region by region , its affected from religious values and also races , but the most important difference between culture and religion is religion is created but culture is not created , It is knowladge which people have learnt by lots of years.
" Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies. Culture is considered a central concept in anthropology, encompassing the range of phenomena that are transmitted through social learning in human societies. Some aspects of human behavior, social practices such as culture, expressive forms such as art, music, dance, ritual, and religion, and technologies such as tool usage, cooking, shelter, and clothing are said to be cultural universals, found in all human societies " here is more technical explanation for Culture so as we can recognize from that article , Culture affects lots of things such as music , dance, technologies ,religion etc ( By the way I think religion and Culture affects each other somehow ).
image.01 _ Values Which culture affects.
But Culture also Affects Architecture of Regions , People . And this is most interesting point for us , for Architects . As architects we suppose to know that when we are designing something It should include and respect cultural heritage and values of people who is living nearby or who will be influenced from the piece of art we design.
I will try to explain that stuation with some examples from different cultures , Starting with Latin American Culture and Architecture , As we know in their culture Latin americans likes dancing , music , having fun so they have colourfull lifestyle and culture , We can easily recognize their cultural affects in their Architecture by using a lot of colours and creating living and enjoyable atmospheres .
image.02 _ Colourful church at San Andrés Xecul, Guatemala
image.03 _ Some Doors collage from Latin American houses.
When we pass through to the Japanese Architecture , Its visible their respect to Nature by not destroying any natural piece such as trees , plants , even stones in the garden , in their Architecture style which is affected from their Culture aswell . And also their minimalist lifestyle.
image.04 _ Kinkakuji Temple in Kyoto , Japan
image.05 _ Japanese house garden , Kyoto , Japan
Looking around Scandinavian Architecture , they have modern and minimalist style in their architecture in Scandinavia just like their Culture and Lifestyle which is one of the most modern and minimalist around the world . And also respect to nature , ecological values .
image.06 _ Scandinavian house , Copenhagen / Denmark
image.07 _ Kilden Concert Hall , Kristiansand / Norway