women's rights: What rights are counted in under the umbrella of "women's rights"?(part-1)
Which rights are counted in under "women's rights" has diverse through time and cultures. Even nowadays, there is some dissimilarity about what establish women's rights. Does a woman have a right to control family size? To equality of treatment in the workplace? To equality of access to military assignments?
INTERNATIONAL AND REGIONAL WOMEN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS
Since the founding of the United Nations, equality between men and women has been among the most fundamental guarantees of human rights. Furthermore, Article 1 of the Charter stipulates that one of the purposes of the United Nations is to promote respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms “without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion”. This prohibition of discrimination based on sex is repeated in its Articles 13 (mandate of the General Assembly) and 55 (promotion of universal human rights). Later, many international and regional instruments have been adopted which declared women rights.......
- Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
- Convention on the Political Rights of Women (1952)
- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966)
- International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966)
- Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (1967)
- Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict (1974)
- Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (1979)
- Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women (1993)
- Inter-American Convention for the Prevention, Punishment and Elimination of Violence against Women (Belém do Pará Convention) (1995)
- Universal Declaration on Democracy (1997)
- Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
1. Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948):
In 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted. It, too, proclaimed the equal entitlements of women and men to the rights contained in it, “without distinction of any kind, such as ... sex, ….” In drafting the Declaration, there was considerable discussion about the use of the term “all men” rather than a gender-neutral term. The Declaration was eventually adopted using the terms “all human beings” and “everyone” in order to leave no doubt that the Universal Declaration was intended for everyone, men and women alike.
2. Convention on the Political Rights of Women (1952):
The Convention on the Political Rights of Women was approved by the United Nations General Assembly during the 409th plenary meeting, on 20 December 1952, and adopted on 31 March 1953. The Convention was the first international legislation protecting the equal status of women to exercise political rights. Moreover, it was the first international treaty to obligate its states to protect citizens' political rights. The Convention was one of the United Nations' several efforts in the postwar period to set standards of nondiscrimination against women; others were the Convention on the Nationality of Married Women and the Convention on Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage and Registration of Marriages, brought into force in 1958 and 1964, respectively.
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Declaration: All data which are provide in this writing, All are secondary data. Which I have collected from different writing and documents......