The Forgiveness Festival in Jainism

in vegan •  2 months ago

Today, the most important annual holy festival of Jainism called Paryushan Parv has started. Paryushan is the 8 day festival of soul purification celebrated by Shvetamber sect of Jain religion. Digamber sect's fest is called Das Lakshana and is celebrated for 10 days after the Paryushan parv of Shvetamber ends.

During these fests, Jain followers strictly follow the 5 fundamental vows of Jainism and also observe penance through several methods according to one's individual capacity. They go for a daily discourses of Jain saints in the morning and perform their religious meditation practice in early morning and evening hours.

The last day of these festival is celebrated as Samvatsari or Kshamavani i.e. Forgiveness Day. On this day every one forgives everyone else by begging for forgiveness from all other beings of 8.4 million species of this Universe by saying Michchhami Dukkadam. This means that if I was the cause of any misdeed or offence whether knowingly (intentionally) or unknowingly (unintentionally), through my thoughts, words or actions; then I beg for your forgiveness.

On this occasion, my friend @chetanpadliya shot my video in which I request to all those Jains who are still not following vegan lifestyle to adopt non-violent dairy-free life to avoid violence (directly or indirectly) on all sentient animals through their acts. This video was further edited by Rohit Jain's You Tube channel to clear some background noise and made me more audible. Here's the link to this video:

For the people who couldn't hear it properly, I'm writing down the script (which I intended to speak but may have missed some of it 😊) here:

Hindi Transcript

आप सभी करुणामयी, दया-प्रेमी, अहिंसावादी धर्मोन्मुख मुमुक्षु भाई-बहनों को मेरा सादर, सविनय
जय-जिनेंद्र!

मैं, आशुतोष निरवद्याचारी, राजस्थान के उदयपुर नगर का निवासी हूँ. पाँच वर्ष पूर्व मैंने निरवद्य
जीवन-शैली को अंगीकृत किया था, जिसे पाश्चात्य-संस्कृति में वीगन अथवा वीगानिज्म के नाम से
जाना जाता है. यह उस वैज्ञानिक एवं अहिंसक जीवन-शैली को कहते हैं जिसमें किसी भी त्रसकाय
जीव के प्रति हिंसा को मानव जीवन के लिए अनावश्यक समझा गया है. यानि कि मानव के स्वार्थ
के लिए किसी भी त्रस जीव का इस्तेमाल पूर्णतः वर्जित है चाहे वो गाय हो या भैंस, बकरी हो या
भेड़, मधुमक्खी हो या मुर्गी या कोई भी अन्य संवेदक प्राणी. जमीन से उगने वाले एकेंद्रिय जीवों पर
आश्रित जीवन को ही निरवद्य जीवन कहा गया और त्रसजीवों से उत्पन्न या उनके उपयोग से प्राप्त
समस्त पदार्थों को गहन हिंसा का कारण समझा गया है. अतः हम सभी अहिंसा मार्ग पर अग्रसित
बुद्धिजीवियों को तो ऐसे क्रूर और हिंसक उत्पादों से बचने का यथासंभव प्रयास करना लाजमी है.

चुँकि वीगानिज्म एक विदेशी शब्द है कई जैन धर्मावलंबी ये समझने की भूल कर बैठे हैं कि यह कोई
विदेशी संस्कृति का हिस्सा है और जैन दर्शन के विरुद्ध है. लेकिन बड़े मजे की बात यह है कि
वीगानिज्म की अवधारणा की मूल उत्पति जैन सिद्धांतों पर ही आधारित है. हमें तो गर्व होना चाहिए
कि निरवद्यता और परम अहिंसा की संकल्पना इस जगत को सर्वप्रथम जैन धर्म ने ही दी थी.
वीगानिज्म का एकमात्र ध्येय सभी संवेदक त्रस जीवों के प्रति मानव द्वारा की जा रही अनावश्यक
हिंसा को खत्म कर, उन्हें अपना नैसर्गिक स्वतंत्र और उन्मुक्त जीवन मुहैया करवाना है. जैन धर्म ने
तो हजारों वर्षों पूर्व ही इस पर सूक्ष्म विवेचन कर यह कह दिया था कि किसी भी प्राणी को बंधी नहीं
बनाना चाहिए, अपनी आज्ञा के अधीन नहीं रखना चाहिए, न ही उन्हें कोई परिताप देना चाहिए या
फिर उन्हें किसी भी प्रकार से भयभीत करना चाहिए. सांकल, बेड़ी, जंझीर, लाठी, चाबुक जैसे हिंसक
औजारों का प्रयोग तो वर्जित है ही, किसी भी प्राणी के कान-नाक-ओष्ट अदि का छेदन की भी
इजाजत नहीं है. श्रावकों के लिए अहिंसा अणुव्रत की ही व्याख्या में पाँच अतिचार स्पष्ट कर दिए
गए, जैसे कि: छेदन, बंधन, पीडन, अतिभारारोपण एवं अन्न-पान निरोध. इसके आलावा अदत्तादान,
आस्तेय या अचौर्यव्रत का सिद्दांत भी दिया और अभयदान का भी वर्णन है. इतना साफ है कि किसी
भी प्रकार का पशु-पालन जैन सम्मत नहीं है. अतः हमें अपना भरन-पोषण वनस्पति से ही करना
चाहिए.

लेकिन दुर्भाग्य से, कालांतर में, दुधारू पशुओं से प्राप्त दूध का प्रयोग जैन समुदाय ने स्वीकार कर
लिया. और आज हम दूध, दही, घी, मावा आदि दुग्ध उत्पादों के इतने आदि हो गए हैं कि हमें अपने
ही मूल सिद्धांतों पर लौटने में ग्लानी का अनुभव होने लगा है! क्षण भर की जीभ-लोलुपता के गुलाम
हो गए हैं और इस तथ्य को नज़र-अंदाज़ करने लगे कि उन मूक, लाचार, निरीह, बेबस, मासूम,
अनबोले प्राणियों पर हमारी दूध की चाह से कितनी निर्मम एवं घोर हिंसा घटित हो रही है. जबकि
यह हम आसानी से रोक सकते हैं. केवल हमें अपने पशु-दूध आधारित व्यंजनों में वनस्पति-जनित
दूध का इस्तेमाल करना है.बस, हमारी इतनी सी पहल से करोड़ों प्राणियों का जीवन बदल जायेगा.

और इस शुभ कार्य को शुरू करने के लिए पर्युषण महापर्व जैसा सुंदर अवसर और नहीं. अतः आप
सभी से मेरा भावपूर्वक निवेदन है कि इस पर्युषण पर्व से किसी भी पशु से प्राप्त दूध का उपभोग न
करें. क्षमा-क्षमापना के महापर्व संवत्सरी के शुभ अवसर पर हमें अपने अब तक किये समस्त
गलतियों और पाप-कर्मों के लिए क्षमा मांगने का सुअवसर मिलता है. लेकिन सच्ची क्षमा-याचना तभी
हो सकती है जब हम सबकुछ जानने के पश्चात अपनी गलतियों को भविष्य में दोहराना बिलकुल बंद
कर दें. अन्यथा क्षमा एक औपचारिकता मात्र है.
प्रतिवर्ष घुट-घुटकर दम तोड़ने वाले उन करोड़ों-करोड़ों संज्ञी पंचेन्द्रिय जीवों की ओर से मेरी आपसे
यही एक करुण प्रार्थना है कि हम अपनी आदतों और क्रिया-कलापों में शुद्धता बरतते हुए सच्चे ह्रदय
से क्षमयाचना कर संवत्सरी महापर्व की गरिमा में वृद्धि करें और इसे सार्थक बनाये. आशा है कि
आप इस बात पर गौर करेंगे.
जय जिनेंद्र!

English Transcription


Many have requested for its English translation. So here's a rough English translation to this:

To all of you compassionate, kind-hearted, non-violent, religious-oriented mumukhshu sisters & brothers, my humble reverence with Jai Jinendra!

I, Ashutosh Nirvadachari, am resident of Udaipur city of Rajasthan. Five years ago i embraced nirvadya (vegan) lifestyle, which is known by the name of vegan or veganism in western culture. It is that scientific and non-violent life-style, in which any violence against any *tras-kaaya (sentient) creatures is considered unnecessary for human life. i.e. the use of any sentient creature is completely prohibited for human's selfish interests whether it's a cow or buffalo, goat or sheep, bee or poultry or any other sensory creature. Alife dependent only on the one-sensed organisms that grow from the land was called nirvadya / vegan. And all products produced from sentient beings or from the use of sentient beings have been deemed to be the cause of intense violence. Therefore, all of us, intellectuals, who are on the path of non-violence; it is imperative to avoid such cruel and violent products as much as possible.

Since Vegnanism is a foreign word, many Jain devotees have an illusion that this is something that Is a part of a foreign culture and is against the Jain philosophy. But funny thing about this is that origin of the fundamental concept of veganism is actually based on Jain principles. In fact, we should be proud of it. That the concept of nirvadyata and supreme non-violence was at first given to this world by Jain religion only.

The sole goal of veganism is to prevent all unnecessary violence against all sentient animals being inflicted upon them by humans and to provide them their own natural, independent and free life. As early as thousands of years ago, Jainism had given a subtle explanation on the fact that no creature should ever be enslaved, should not be subject to your command, nor should they give any suffering or tortured nor they should be intimidated in any way. Chains, shackles, sticks, whips etc. violent implements are completely prohibited. Even the piercing of the ears, lips, nose etc. of any creature is not allowed. Five transgressions to the anuvrat (tiny vow) of nonviolence for the Shravakas (householders) are described as: piercing, enslaving, torturing, overloading and restriction to food & water intake. Apart from this, It has also given the principle of Aasteya or Achoryavrata (principle of non-stealing) and also narrated about Abhayadan (principle of offering dauntlessness). So it's obvious that even the animal husbandry is not compatible with Jainism. Therefore, we should take care of all our nourishment needs from plants only.

But unfortunately, over time, the Jain community accepted the consumption of milk obtained from milch animals. And today we have become addicted to the consumption of so much of milk products like milk, curd, ghee, mawa, paneer (cheese) etc. that we are feeling uncomfortable to return to our own fundamental principles! We have fallen for momentary sensual pleasures and become slave of our own tongue. And have started to ignore the fact that how ruthless and gross violence is being incurred on those voiceless, helpless, meek, submissive, innocent animals due to the desire of our consumption of their milk, when we can easily stop it. We only need to replace our animal-milk based dishes with plant-based milk dishes. Just with this initiative of ours, we can change the life of billions of creatures.

And to start this auspicious act, there is no better opportunity than the great Paryushan festival. So I have a sincere request to all to stop the consumption of milk obtained from any animal from this festival. On the auspicious occasion of the great festival of forgiveness viz. Samvatsari, we get an opportunity to seek forgiveness for all mistakes and sins we committed so far. But true apologies are only possible when after learning and knowing everything, we stop repeating our mistakes in the future. Otherwise, forgiveness is just a formality.

On behalf of millions and millions of five-sensed animals who choke to their death every year, I make a humble prayer to you that we should seek forgiveness with being true at heart while practising purity in our habits and actions and thus Increase the dignity of the Samvatsari Maha-Parva by making it truly worthwhile. I hope that you will pay attention to my request and try to honour it.
Jai Jinendra!

For those who think that they are doing their bit by donating their money to Gaushalas (cow-shelters), please note that these too are not free from cruelty and you are not addressing the root cause of exploitation of animals if you are still consuming their products. Here is a link to recent report on 179 Gaushalas from FIAPO (Federation of Indian Animal Protection Organisation). Check the reality:

http://fiapo.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/GAU-GAATHA-Report.pdf

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@xyzashu happy to see that some one is getting onto the positives of Jainism and trying to elaborate that to in Hindi...🙏🏻

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आपकी कही प्रत्येक बात बिलकुल सही है मैं आपकी सभी कही बातो से बिलकुल सहमत हूँ. क्योकि जितना अधिकार मनुष्य का इस प्रथ्बी पर है उतना ही अधिकार प्रकृति में जन्म लेने वाले जीब और जंतुओं का भी है

Great fastival

Posted using Partiko Android

hey ashu bhai, I am don't know about Jainism, but like Tarun Sagar Ji love his speeches, shows his interviews, I am going to study about my Indian society and culture book to know more about Jainism...Ashu bhai keep sharing this type of post...

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