Do you know is the ideal age to start the literacy of the child? (parte II)

in steempress •  15 days ago

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Correct age for child's literacy


Literacy is a learning process in which an individual learns to understand and reproduce what is spoken in a symbolic way, that is, through reading and writing. It is common for parents to ask when is the ideal time to begin literacy. But literacy is an important aspect of the child's formal learning, in the only one.


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To help understand is the ideal time to begin the formal education of the child and its literacy process, we have betrayed some important knowledge so that you can guide your work.

Literacy is very important.


At present, it is not enough to think about literacy itself when we think about the education of a child.

 

Illiteracy was a global problem until a certain point in history. To the extent that countries overcame illiteracy, they found, from the survey, that many individuals, despite knowing how to read and write, did not know how to make effective and contextualized use of those skills.

With this, the concept of literacy arises, which refers to the insertion of the literate person in the universe of reading and writing, able to make its use in the daily, apply them socially, in relationships and in the construction of a worldview.

 

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To think about the education of a child, so it is important to take into account the general form of its development, especially since other aspects influence literacy. Cognitive development is an endless process, but it has its most important stages built from birth to the end of adolescence.

A little about stages of child development


From a notion of the stages of child development, it is possible to take more bad guesses regarding the education of children.
> It is important to note that Piaget does not consider, in his research, only the age of the children to understand the cognitive development of them, but also other elements of the children's context, such as organic maturation, experience with objects and social interactions. All these factors, as well as genetic elements, influence the learning process of children and the development of the stages themselves.

With that in mind, let's learn a little more about these stages:


Sensorimotor


The period from birth to 2 years of age, this stage is the basis of the child's cognitive development, when he begins to know his own body, what he does, how he responds and also how the environment responds to his body. From his discoveries the child begins to repeat the patterns;

 

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Preoperational


The period from 2 years to 6 years of age, when the child begins to insert in the language, which does not mean just talking, but build senses through speech and also what he hears. The internalization of language allows the child to begin to build their thoughts, socialize with other individuals and internalize their actions beyond the response based on reflection. It is important to know about this stage of development that, although it is building its thinking, the child still does it in a rigid way, incapable of composing abstractions, relativizing or making certain conceptions more flexible;

 

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Concrete operative


 

Between 6 and 12 years of age, the child already manages to make his preconceptions more flexible and, with this, develops the logical reasoning, which makes him able to establish relationships between objects. But, still, it does not effectively develop abstract thinking. She needs to see things to understand them.

 

Formal operations


The last stage of the maturation of the infantile cognition is from the 12 years that the individual, now adolescent, is able to develop the abstract reasoning and create the hypothesis, understand complex relationships (like equations) and begins to consolidate its own form thinking. Although this is the last stage, the cognitive qualities developed up to then can always be perfected.

 

Resultado de imagen para La última etapa de la maduración de la cognición infantil es a partir de los 12 años que el individuo,
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All these stages comprise, in addition to the intellectual cognitive aspects, also the emotional and social aspects of their development. In this way, it is not only the literacy that is at stake but the child as an integral human being.

As you must have perceived, these stages influence the literacy process due to the limits and potentialities that each one offers the child and respecting those stages is a fundamental factor so that literacy occurs in a healthy way and does not harm the other necessary learning. child, as his emotional development.......

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Posted from my blog with SteemPress : http://roseri.vornix.blog/2018/10/04/do-you-know-is-the-ideal-age-to-start-the-literacy-of-the-child-parte-ii/
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