The nature of science: (part 1)
Hello friends, today's topic is about the nature of science, but first I want to ask you a question: Do you think that science is only for scientists? that is, only scientists can study the strange things that surround human beings. Let me tell you that if science uses "observation" to try to find some answers to the things that surround us, then we could say that most of us have acted as scientists at some time.
Acting as scientists
Example: If you have observed the colors that form in a drop of oil in a puddle of water, or have observed thunder or lightning on a rainy day, or when you look at the sky the colors of an arc iris, or simply when you observe a phenomenon that occurs around you, at that moment you are acting like a scientist.
"You observe the world as scientists do"
Scientists observe the world just as you do, so that every time you observe a curious or strange event, you act like a scientist.
The nature of science
The word science comes from the Latin scire, which means "to know". Science is much more than just observation, and true scientists do more than just observe, they wonder what makes things the way they are and try to find answers to their questions.
Science is an ordered system of structured knowledge that studies, researches and interprets natural, social and artificial phenomena, scientific knowledge is obtained through observation and experimentation in specific areas. see more
The science and the mysteries that surround usThe world that surrounds you and that of your interior is a collection of innumerable mysteries and scientists have to solve these mysteries, because one of the main objectives of science is to understand the world around us.
Through science, we seek to explain all those things or events that happen around us, such as lightning, rain, floods, droughts and intense heat.
¿How are lightning formed?
What do scientists do to understand the world?
Scientists as good detectives, use special methods to determine the truths of nature, these truths are called data, an example of a data is: the sun is a source of light and heat.
Jules Henri Poincaré, a famous man of nineteenth-century French science, expressed the following:
"Science is based on data, just as a house is based on stones, but just as a pile of stones is not a house, neither is a science a collection of data."
That is to say, that the scientists go beyond the simple discovery of data, try to use the data as clues to solve the mysteries of nature. A mystery is, for example, how the sun produces the heat and light it throws on the Earth. Another example is how the few and simple organisms of 3 billion years ago gave rise to the multiple and complex organisms that today live on Earth.
Once the scientists study the data and perform the experiments to test their explanations, it is possible that they can develop a theory, which comes to be the most logical explanation of the facts of nature.
A scientific theory is a solid and proven concept that makes useful and safe predictions about the natural world. When a theory is proposed, that theory must be checked over and over again, if it survives the tests it may be accepted by the scientific community, however, the theories may not be correct and may be changed after further tests and observations .
If a theory survives many tests and is accepted, scientists can give it the name of Law, However, as with theories, scientific laws can also change as new information or information is obtained. For the performance of other experiments.
And to finish this first part of the nature of science, I can only invite you to read the different topics related to science, this will help you improve your ability to focus on the world, as scientists do.
My next post:
Nature of science: part-2
- The branches of science
- Scientific method
- Science and discovery
Posted from my blog with SteemPress : http://oscarcede.vornix.blog/?p=227