How children grow - growth phases, growth spurts, growth delays

in steemiteducation •  4 months ago 

How children grow - growth phases, growth spurts, growth delays

All parents know it: With children, buying clothes becomes a constant companion. Especially in the first months of life, the size of clothes often changes every 4 weeks or even faster. Growth is individual. While some shoot up, others are more moderate and gradual.

Children grow from birth until about the age of 18. In the first years they double their body size, later it goes on continuously, if a bit slower. The growth is accompanied by relapses, some children also suffer from growing pains that are annoying but not dangerous. In rare cases, there may be real growth delays.


The three most important stages of growth in children

Children go from birth to the end of growth at about 16 to 18 years, three major stages. Although these are basically the same for all children, they can be individually different in terms of timing and speed.

Growth phase 1

In the first three years of a child's growth is enormous, the body size increases by almost 100% compared to birth size.

Growth phase 2

Children grow up to the age of about 12 years. Although not as fast as in the first phase, but still at least 5 to 6 cm per year.

Growth phase 3

This phase ranges from the beginning of puberty to the end of the growth phase. For girls, this is valid at the age of 17, for boys at the age of 19 as largely completed. 7 to 9 cm per year, the offspring can shoot at this time in the height.

All growth phases are not only related to body size but also to mental and physical development. In the first phase, children learn basic motor skills and develop the brain and language. In the second phase they lose their "baby face", become more independent and train their intellect. In the third growth phase, the physical and mental transition from child to adult gradually takes place.

Growth spurts of children

Within each growth phase, there are always real relapses. Overnight, the child seems to be 5 cm taller. Especially in children in the first 14 months of life, there are regular periods of reflux, a total of about 8 in number. Further relapses are also possible during puberty. There the children may only grow a few centimeters for a year and suddenly start to grow by 10 cm in just a few months.

Concomitant growth pains

Especially when your child is experiencing a growth spurt, some children also experience growing pains. Pre-primary and primary schooling is common, but infants and children may also be affected during puberty. The causes of the pulling pain in the extremities, which occur mainly in the evening and at night, are still not fully understood. Even a reliable therapy is currently not available. Depending on the type and severity of the pain, massages, cold or warm compresses, the administration of magnesium, distraction or, in the worst case, a light painkiller can relieve the symptoms. The following symptoms indicate growing pains:

  • First appearance mostly in preschool or primary school age
  • Complaints occur mainly in the evening and at night
  • Mainly the muscles of the legs hurt, sometimes the arms, but not the joints
  • In the morning the pain has disappeared
  • The pain occurs more in rest than in movement
  • The pain is irregular

Attention: growing pains are diagnosed after the exclusion procedure. If your child frequently and severely suffers from these symptoms, a visit to the pediatrician or specialist is advisable. This clarifies whether perhaps other diseases are the cause.

When does one speak of a growth delay?

The so-called "percentile curve" determines which growth is "normal" for a child. The curve is a result of medical statistics and is determined from many comparative values. If a child deviates from this curve over a defined amount, this is called a growth delay. Prenatal factors such as mother's alcohol or nicotine consumption, metabolic disorders, chronic diseases, lack of growth hormone, but also deficiency or malnutrition during pregnancy and after childbirth or psychosocial disorders may be the cause of a delay. Rarely is genetic dwarfism. If there is no physical cause for the delay, your child can simply be a late developer and simply pick up the missing centimeters later.

Attention: Deviations in individual measurements do not mean any growth delay.


Did I forget something? Can you think of any more points?
I´m looking forward to your experiences and additions.



Other Dad-Chronicals Stories

How to promote the self-regulation of your child

Your child will be three? - now it is getting really funny

What we can learn from children - laughter is healthy!

Innate, educated - relived?

Self-efficacy - what is behind it?

Dad, take over! - be an active father from the beginning

DAD-Chronicals : Stress factor homework

Youth and Career

DAD is #1

Children and selfishness

Resilience as a key to success in life: Nobody can harm me!

DAD-Chronicals : Puberty - time of changes

Babyhood - Expect parents in months 0 through 12

Anger at one's own child - how to prevent it and find solutions

Small wonders for little people - 10 games that stimulate children's senses

Ornament or torment - stud earrings for babies and toddlers

The first time alone with the baby at home




dad-chronicals 2.png



op gaming 2.jpg



Follow VimmTV (@vimm) for frequent updates, contests and giveaways for our early adopters!

Authors get paid when people like you upvote their post.
If you enjoyed what you read here, create your account today and start earning FREE STEEM!
Sort Order:  

Thanks for using eSteem!
Your post has been voted as a part of eSteem encouragement program. Keep up the good work! Install Android, iOS Mobile app or Windows, Mac, Linux Surfer app, if you haven't already!
Learn more:
Join our discord:

Very interesting, quite a lot in here I didn’t realise so it’s good to learn. My boys have both gone through intermittent growing pains.

Posted using Partiko iOS

hey c0ff33a , thx for this feedback, this is why i start to write my Dad-Chronicals, i want to reach people sometimes they grab some of my thoughts sometimes it get a discussion started, but at least we do it for our kids....

Hi @bembelmaniac!

Your post was upvoted by @steem-ua, new Steem dApp, using UserAuthority for algorithmic post curation!
Your UA account score is currently 4.131 which ranks you at #3261 across all Steem accounts.
Your rank has improved 12 places in the last three days (old rank 3273).

In our last Algorithmic Curation Round, consisting of 218 contributions, your post is ranked at #65.

Evaluation of your UA score:
  • Some people are already following you, keep going!
  • The readers appreciate your great work!
  • Good user engagement!

Feel free to join our @steem-ua Discord server