Antara: Pedagogi atau Andragogi (Bilinggual)

in science •  5 months ago



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Antara: Pedagogi atau Andragogi

Oleh: @usmanosama (Muhammad Usman)



Lazim diketahui dari cerita-cerita banyak orang, guru sering menerapkan pedagogis dalam mengajar. Di mana ketahui pendekatan pedagogi menekankan guru memberi intruksi dalam proses belajar-mengajar. Dalam perkembangnya dunia pendidikan, metode pengajaran di kembangkan sehingga kita mengenal; pembelajaran aktif, partisipatif dan menyenangkan. Ini semua bisa disebut sebagai pendekatan andragogi.

Andragogi disebut sebagai pola pembelajaran pada orang dewasa (adult education). Sering disebut bagaimana mengajar para pelajar hadir secara bersama-sama dalam proses pembelajaran.

Ilustrasi perbedaan pedagogi dan andragogi dalam pandangan Abd Rachman Assegaf adalah: pedagogi diibaratkan saat seorang siswa diberikan ikan hasil pancingan, serta siswa tidak berproses bagaimana ikan itu didapatkan, sedangkan andragogi kebalikannya, siswa diberikan pancing serta diajarkan untuk memancing. Pada pendekatan andragogi diperkenalkan tranfer of methodology dan berfokus pada siswa.

Silahkan, melihat gambar perbedaan kedua pendekatan ini:

Andragogi menjadi teori pendidikan orang dewasa dikembangkan oleh Malcolm Knowles (1913-1997) pendidik Amerika (Baca; Paulo Freire, 1974). Sedangkan kata pedagogi dikenal dengan adanya peristiwa seorang budak yang mengawal anak-anak pejabat Romawi untuk pergi ke sekolah, di Denmark, kata pedagogi diartikan sebagai praktisi pendidikan (Baca; Abd Rachman Assegaf, 2014).

Tuntutan Pendidikan Sekarang

Dunia pendidikan sekarang, lebih menekankan pengintergrasian antara kedua pendekatan ini. Seorang pengajar/guru mengajar dengan menggunakan pendekatan pedagogi dan andragogi secara bersamaan. Model pengintegrasiann pedagogi dan andragogi ini disingkat menjadi andra-pedagogi. Dapat diilustrasikan dalam bagan di bawah ini:




Between; Pedagogy or Andragogy

Inggris

Commonly known from the stories of many, teachers often apply pedagogical in teaching. Where to know pedagogical approach emphasizes teachers give instruction in the process of teaching and learning. In the development of the world of education, teaching methods are developed so that we know; active, participatory and fun learning. This can all be called an andragogy approach.

Andragogy is referred to as adult education (adult education). Often called how to teach the students present together in the learning process.

An illustration of the difference between pedagogy and andragogy in Abd Rachman Assegaf's view is that pedagogy is compared when a student is given an induced fish, and the students do not process how the fish is obtained, whereas the reverse andragogy is given to the fishing rod and taught to fish. In the andragogy approach introduced the transfer of methodology and focuses on the students.

Please, see the drawing difference between these two approaches:





Andragogy became an adult education theory developed by Malcolm Knowles (1913-1997) American educator (Read, Paulo Freire, 1974). While the word pedagogy is known by the incident of a slave who escorted the children of Roman officials to go to school, in Denmark, said pedagogy is interpreted as an educational practitioner (Read: Abd Rachman Assegaf, 2014).

Educational Demands Now

The world of education now, more emphasis on integration between these two approaches. A teacher / teacher teaches by using a pedagogy and andragogy approach simultaneously. This integration model of pedagogy and andragogy is shortened to andra-pedagogy. Can be illustrated in the chart below:


Together We Can

Regards, Nanggroe Steemit Community (NSC)

Aceh Utara, 01 February 2018

@usmanosama

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