Art Therapy : It's not just for kids

in #psychology10 months ago

When using visual arts materials to not only identify, but also to treat emotional trauma and mental disorders, it can be called Art Therapy. By creating images in drawings, paintings, sculptures and photographs, those who have some underlying issues can provide information about suppressed feelings and buried memories that they cannot express with words.


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This approach is also an important aspect of rehabilitation programmes for people who are recovering form a stroke or an injury affecting hand function. It can help disabled people to improve their self-image and depressed or elderly patients to expand their range of expression. Children of any ages love expressing themselves with art and a trained teacher would know what to look for in the case of emotional disturbances.

When is it used

Art therapy is used when people who cannot or will not employ words to achieve the personal insight that is a cornerstone of traditional psychotherapy. By surmounting language barriers, this therapy can be especially effective with disturbed children and patients who speak a different language from the therapist. Is is also helpful in rehabilitating hand/motor skills following a stroke or injury and assessing the progress of such a person by comparing an early attempt at a self-portrait with a similar attempt after physiotherapy.


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How it works

By providing a patient with a nonverbal means of expressing repressed thoughts and feelings, art therapy can help ease guilt and anger. Sexually abused children often render images whose meaning can eventually be discussed. Through drawings and paintings, a schizophrenic patient may offer the therapist a view into a disordered mind, thus providing some clues for how treatment might proceed.

Art therapy can also enable mentally ill deaf adults to describe early conflicts with family members and to alleviate symptoms of aggression, hostility and depression. Physically handicapped children, neglected elderly persons, alcoholics and prison inmates all can be helped to build self-esteem through sculpture, painting or photography, especially when they see their work exhibited for other people's appreciation.

What to expect

Through supportive discussions with an art therapist, patients become aware of the messages conveyed in their drawings, paintings or sculptures. When previously unacknowledged frustration, rage or confusion has been brought to light, that person can be helped to take positive steps for dealing with it. Practiced in a family setting, art therapy can resolve interpersonal problems.


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Where does it come from?

The term art therapy was first used in the 1940's to describe the work of psychiatrists and psychologists who were finding that artistic expression provided important insight into the feelings of disturbed children. Independent practitioners eventually established the American Art Therapy Association, which issued guidelines for the first formal training programme in 1967.


Resources:
How art therapy can heal
Art therapy in humanistic psychiatry
What is art therapy?
Drawing on dreams



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