Freedom and Truth: Ethics and politics

in philosophy •  2 months ago

With regard to man's freedom we have come across different thinkers who advocate an inherent relationship between man and freedom, other thinkers advocate the opposite, they say that the moment when man is conceived is not free because indirectly imposes a culture, parents and a worldview that will shape his whole life. However, in this article, I would like to stick more to the first vision. Man is a free being, with a unique capacity for self-determination exclusive to him and not present in other animals, that is, man has the unique aptitude to act as he wants since his thoughts have no limits and the decisions to be made in a particular scenario are infinite.

The decisions that people make are a consequence of a thought process or is the result of a knowledge that of fine the character of the conduct that the individual takes in front of the determined situation, since this, is linked in a complete way with a moral conscience that approves or disapproves a determined act. When we refer to ethics we refer to the highest state of consciousness of the human being, that which determines the good and evil of an action and which, without a doubt, transcends human thought itself, that is, ethics is a knowledge that is foreign to the human being and is not determined by him even though he tries to attribute it to himself. Ethics is not an abstract thought, it is an absolute knowledge to be found.

For no one it is a lie that today there is a need for a life framed in ethics, because of the disaster, the moral debacle observed today in the whole world and in all areas of human life. Nothing is important, everything is relative. There is no objective truth because my feelings are more important than facts. Ratzinger determined this as the "dictatorship of relativism" and classified it as the real evil of our time. This relativism opposes freedom and truth, as if the search for truth prevented freedom, in Ratzinger's own words, "endangers the survival of humanity".

Morality is all those thoughts interiorized by the individual with respect to ethics, he himself imposes it, not by an obligation but as a necessity to act fairly, therefore to say that morality is imposed with respect to the values of your formation is wrong, although at the time of our formation we are influenced by other thoughts that are not our own, because we are determining our own judgment, does not mean that this will mark our worldview and morals since we have the ability to discern whether we want to continue with the values that influenced us or seek others with whom we feel more identified.

When we refer to politics, we are obviously referring to a game or a race for the monopoly of power. Let us say that in noble words politics is the search for power in order to find the well-being of the members of a society. This good of all citizens is not only exclusive of political power but is also a reason for being of political authority. Therefore, there is a direct relationship between politics and the ethical end. It is good everything that benefits and promotes the welfare of my citizens, therefore, freedom and truth are intrinsic concepts for the welfare of a society. On the contrary, it is bad everything that harms these concepts that relate to the welfare of citizens. Within a society, it is an obligation that every public or private institution enable both concepts of freedom and truth in order to have a full and abundant welfare for all citizens. The greater the freedom, the greater the well-being, then, the greater your capacity to decide for yourself, the lesser the freedom, the greater the unhappiness, since your decisions are limited. Promoting well-being will then be related to the ethical principles and values demanded in the practice of morality.

In today's society, we see that the search for welfare has been corrupted since control and relativism is what predominates as a kind of toxic and denatured ethics. When the political agent advocates this ethics, the being is lost in its essence, in what it really is, it is when the human being is corrupted. To corrupt is to alter the natural order of what is already established. When a political agent is corrupted welfare changes its deepest branches, you can not discern between what is truth and freedom and therefore both concepts are distorted to seek their counterpart control and relativity.

In my personal opinion there are two ways in which the political agent ends up corrupting 1) the temptation of absolute power and 2) economism.

  1. Power corrupts. Absolute power corrupts absolutely. A being that lacks a moral debacle and is nothing more than an ordinary, ordinary person, succumbs to the unimaginable possibilities that power offers. A being can only be freed from the temptation of absolute power if he advocates freedom and truth as the main center of his moral principles, which by nature indicate that it is the good of the human being.

  2. Put money before morality. This concept is closely related to the previous one since there is a distortion in the being of putting money before money due to the infinite amounts of opportunities they offer above morality. What is common today is that a large number of political agents violate the principles of freedom and truth in order to put their economic situation first. Max Weber makes a spectacular dissertation between politicians who live for politics and those who live from politics. In the latter case, Weber said that politics ceases to stand on its own and becomes an instrument of enrichment.

In short, for there to really be a coercion between the precepts of moral well-being and politics, there must be a fundamental discipline in beings. For this, it is necessary that education plays a fundamental role so that there is no absolute corruption in the human being. However, there is another possibility that could move human beings away from centralized politics to a more decentralized policy; it seems that this is where we are moving towards. With the current technological revolution, many possibilities towards a world where ethics and moral attitudes take precedence as the apex of human development. Freedom and truth, the most fundamental concepts for that development. from my blog with SteemPress : Here

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