What is morality, or ethics? It is a code of values to guide man’s choices and actions — the choices and actions that determine the purpose and the course of his life. Ethics, as a science, deals with discovering and defining such a code.
The first question that has to be answered, as a precondition of any attempt to define, to judge or to accept any specific system of ethics, is: Why does man need a code of values?
Let me stress this. The first question is not: What particular code of values should man accept? The first question is: Does man need values at all — and why?
~ Ayn Rand, “THE OBJECTIVIST ETHICS”, The Virtue of Selfishness, 13
Ayn Rand (1905-1982) - Russian-born American writer, creator of objectivist philosophy, author of movie screenplays, felietonist, promoter of individualism and laissez-faire capitalism. Among others author of "The Fountainhead", "Atlas Shrugged" and "The Virtue of Selfishness".