How to Plant Chili in Polybag
Chilli is one of agricultural commodities whose price is very fluctuating. Especially before the big days like Lebaran, the price of chili must surge. This is what lures people to grow chili, either for sale or just for their own supplies. Unfortunately for those who live in urban availability of land for cultivation is very limited. But this can be tried by planting chili in a pot or polybag.
How to plant chilli in pots or polybags is easy to do. Planting chili can be done both in the highlands and lowlands. In general, planting chili can be done at an altitude of 0-2000 meters above sea level. Optimal temperature for chilli plants is in the range of 24-27oC, but still can withstand more temperatures than that. The nature depends on the type of chili varieties.
One type of chili that is suitable to be planted in the yard is chilli kerting. This species is relatively more resistant to tropical climate and spicy taste much preferred in the market. Here we describe how to plant curly peppers in polybags.
Selection of seeds
In the market many kinds of varieties of curly peppers, ranging from hybrids to local varieties. How to grow local chili and hybrid have no significant difference. It's just that some hybrid chillies are recommended to be treated with certain medicinal products.
Currently there are local varieties of selection, productivity is better than local varieties without selection. The seeds are sold in cans such as the tampar produced by Sang Hyang Sri. From a technical point of view, how to grow local curly peppers is simpler and more complicated than how to plant chili hybrids. The local chilli is more adaptive to the environment than the hybrid chilli. It's just that productivity is still less than hybrid.
How to plant chili in polybag should not be done directly from seed or seed. First of all chilli seeds should be seeded first. The seeding process is useful for selecting seed growth, separating seeds that grow dwarf, deformed or diseased. In addition, to wait for the readiness of the seeds until enough resistant planted in a larger place.
The seedbed can be a small polybag (8 × 9 cm), banana leaf, tray (nursery), or ground plots. To see more detail please read how to create a nursery media. The most economical way is to prepare the ground plot for the nursery media.
Make a plot of land with sufficient size, mix compost with the soil and mix well. The ground grain is made as smooth as possible so that the roots can penetrate easily. Make the thickness of the plot is 5-10 cm, above it make the array with a distance of 10 cm.
Add the chilli seeds in the array with a distance of 7.5 cm then flush to moisten the soil and cover with ash or soil. After that cover with wet jute sack for 3-4 days, keep the burlap sack remain wet. On the 4th day will appear seeds from the ground, then open the burlap sack. Should be covered with transparent plastics to protect the small chilli seeds from excessive heat and rain rain water directly. Chili plants are ready to move into large polybags after 3-4 weeks of age, or plants have 3-4 leaves.
Preparation of planting media
Choose polybag size above 30 cm, so that planting medium is strong enough to support the growth of lush chili plants. In addition to polybags, can also be used pots of plastic, cement, soil, or ceramic. Or can also use used containers that are not used anymore, give a hole on the bottom of the container for drainage channels.
How to plant chili in polybags can use planting media from soil mix, compost, manure, rice husk, charcoal husk, and others. Please read how to make polybag planting media for more details.
Some examples of planting media composition include: (1) Soil mixture with compost 2: 1, (2) Soil mix, manure, and charcoal with 1: 1: 1 composition, or (3) Mixture of soil and manure with composition 2: 1. When using manure, you should select a fertilizer that has been cooked. See the type and characteristics of manure.
Make the planting media as smooth as possible by sieving it. Mix about 3 tablespoons of NPK in each polybag. Stir until the mixture is completely flat. Coat the inside of the polybag with coconut husk, tile shards, or styrofoam shards. The point is that water does not inundate the root areas of plants.
Transfer of seed
After planting seeds and planting media ready, remove the chilli seedlings from the nursery into polybags. Do this job in the morning or afternoon, where the sun is not too hot to avoid stress on the plant.
Perform removal of seedlings with care, do not let damage to rooting plants. Create a planting hole on the polybag as deep as 5-7 cm. If the seedbed is done on polybag or banana leaf, remove polybag and banana leaf then input all the soil in the nursery into the planting hole. If the seedbed is done on a plot of land or tray, move it with soil attached to the root and enter it into the planting hole.
Maintenance and maintenance
- Fertilization, give additional fertilization with a dose of one tablespoon NPK per polybag each month. Or if you want to grow chili organic, instead spray liquid organic fertilizer during the growth of leaves and fruit growth. Add one head of compost or goat manure at the time the plants will bear fruit.
- Watering, chilli plants should be watered at least 3 days. When the sun is shining, flush the plants every day.
- after the chillies grow about 20 cm, give bamboo bamboo. This is useful to support the plant to stand upright.
- young shoots that grow in the armpit of the leaves should be removed (dirompes). The plucking begins on the 20th day after planting, the plastering is usually done three times until the branch is formed. The point is that the plant does not grow sideways when the stem has not been too strong to support.
- Pests and diseases, the use of pesticides should only be done if the plant looks pest or disease. If you see a white pest spray with pestida, if you see there will be caterpillar spray with insecticide sufficiently, if seen mushrooms use fungicide. To grow organic chillies use natural pesticides, please see how to make organic pesticides.
The age of chillies from planting to harvest varies depending on the variety and variety of the environment. The best harvest time is when the fruit is not fully red, there is still a green line. Fruit like this has entered the optimal weight and chili fruit can still hold 2-3 days before sold by traders in the market. Harvest time should be done in the morning after dry dew. Avoid harvest time at night and during the day.