Mansa Musa was the ruler of Malian Empire which has an estimated net worth of $400 billion. He is referred to as The Richest Man of All Time.
Mansa Musa is the tenth Mansa. He is known for other names such as Emir of Melle, Lord of the Mines of Wangara, and Conqueror of Ghanata, Futa-Jallon.
He came to the throne by appointing a deputy. The reason why the King appointed Musa as his deputy because he did an expedition to the Atlantic Ocean.
When Musa embarked himself to a journey, aside from his own religious fulfillment, but he also recruited leaders and teachers so that his people must learn more about the teachings of the Prophet.
He is known as a devoted Muslim. His pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324 was known across northern Africa and the Middle East.
The said journey to Mecca was documented by a lot of eyewitness wherein they astonished on the extensive procession. In 1324, he also visited with the Mamluk sultan Al-Nasir Muhammad of Egypt.
When he returned from his journey from Mecca in 1325, he was told that his army recaptured of Gao. Musa visited the city made a detour and visited the city and brought the two sons of the Gao king to Niani.
He built mosques and madrasas in Timbuktu and Gao. Some of the buildings he made during his reign was the ancient center of learning Sankore Madrasah or University of Sankore, and Hall of Audience in Niani.
Also during his reign, he accomplished the build up of Timbuktu wherein it became a center of trade, culture, and Islam.
Mansa Musa I of Mali was born during the period of 1280s. He died on 1337. He has two sons.
The list uses the annual 2199.6 per cent rate of inflation to adjust historic fortunes – a formula that means $100 million in 1913 would be equal to £2.299.63 billion today.
Mansa Musa I ruled West Africa’s Malian Empire in the early 1300s, making his fortune by exploiting his country’s salt and gold production. Many mosques he built as a young man still stand today.
After Mansa Musa I death in 1331, however, his heirs were unable to hang on to the fortune, and it was substantially depleted by civil wars and invading armies.
Second on the list are the Rothschild family, whose descendants are still among the richest people on the planet. Starting out in banking in the late 18th Century, Mayer Amschel Rothschild’s finance house accumulated a total wealth of $350 billion. The money has since been divided between hundreds of descendants, many of whom are business leaders today.
Meanwhile John D. Rockefeller, third on the list, is the richest American to have ever lived, worth $340billion in today's USD at the time of his death in 1937.
In comparison, the poorest man on the list is 82-year-old Warren Buffett, who at his peak net worth, before he started giving his fortune to charity, was $64billion.
Here’s the full list of the ‘10 richest people of all time’:
Mansa Musa I, (Ruler of Malian Empire, 1280-1331) $400 billion
Rothschild Family (banking dynasty, 1740- ) $350 billion
John D Rockefeller (industrialist, 1839-1937) $340 billion
Andrew Carnegie (industrialist, 1835-1919) $310 billion
Tsar Nicholas II of Russia (last Emperor of Russia, 1868-1918) $300 billion
Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII (last ruler of Hyderabad, 1886-1967) $236 billion
William the Conqueror (King of England, 1028-1087) $229.5 billion
Muammar Gaddafi (former Libyan leader, 1942-2011) $200 billion
Henry Ford (Ford Motor Company founder, 1863-1947) $199 billion
Cornelius Vanderbilt (industrialist, 1794-1877) $185 billion