Dyspraxia: what you need to know about coordination disorder.

in edu-venezuela •  4 months ago  (edited)

The dyspraxia it is a difficulty or inability to perform movements that require some coordination, precision or speed. Children with dyspraxia have difficulties to perform movements that we usually have automated such as tying the laces, opening a door or talking.Reference



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Symptoms include delays in sitting or walking. Children may have difficulty jumping or doing chores.

The developmental disorder of coordination may manifest itself together with other developmental disorders. It usually continues until adulthood.

How is dyspraxia diagnosed?

The best way to help diagnose is to start monitoring your child and correct these observations daily. To diagnose dyspraxia, your child's symptoms should be continuously monitored for at least six months.

Your notes will tell you that your child's behavior is permanent and interferes with daily activities.

In the course of a complete diagnosis of learning problems in our center, it is possible to identify the signs of dyspraxia and its influence and connection with dyslexia and dysgraphia.

Types of dyspraxia

Depending on the actions that cause the greatest difficulties, there are several types of violations:


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  • Ideomotor dyspraxia. The difficulties cause any motorized act: walking, maintaining balance, jumping on one leg, outdoor games, any daily activity.
  • Ideatorial dyspraxia. With this form of violation, the child has difficulty planning the sequence of voluntary movements.
  • Articular dyspraxia. It is difficult for a child to control the muscles involved in the formation of speech, reproduce sounds and words, his breathing is disturbed. It is difficult for the correct arrangement of words when constructing sentences, making it difficult for a child to express their thoughts.
  • Constructive dyspraxia. The spatial orientation of the child is broken, confuses right / left; up / down It is difficult for him to play with cubes and puzzles, as well as to draw objects, taking into account his position in space.
  • Respiratory dyspraxia. Disorders of respiratory coordination cause respiratory dysfunction; Possible violations of the act of swallowing.
  • Ophthalmologic dyspraxia. With this violation, it is difficult for the child to control the movement of the eyeballs. While reading, he is forced to move his head to concentrate on the prayer, since the child can not follow the lines only with the help of his eyes.

Key indicators of dyspraxia:

✔ coordination difficulties or awkwardness.
✔ difficulty in fine motor skills.
✔ The child barely takes the food on his own, uses his hands instead of the appliances, pours drinks and soups.
✔ Time management difficulties.
✔ bad sense of direction.
✔ More time is needed to complete the task than other people.
✔ A person with poor coordination may have perception difficulties or speech problems.
✔ The left and right can not be determined, as well as the front hand.
✔ Suffers long-term memory, the child forgets what he has already learned.
When self-dressing can confuse the sequence of actions, first wear shoes and then underwear.
✔ It is difficult for him to cross the midline of the body with his hand or foot. And it is also difficult for him to trace the middle line with his eyes.
✔ In a person with dyspraxia, it is not only visual perception that suffers. They may also get confused when recognizing sounds and having difficulties in having a conversation due to a poor understanding of hearing.

What concomitant difficulties can occur in children with dyspraxia?

For children with dyspraxia, other learning and attention difficulties are often encountered. Experts call this comorbid disorder. If your child has dyspraxia, here are some other learning and attention issues that you may want to read:

Dyslexia: learning difficulties in fluent reading.
Dyscalculia: difficulty with mathematics. Children with dyscalcology may have problems remembering basic mathematical concepts, such as 2 + 2 = 4, performing calculations, understanding the number and duration (for example, how long a minute lasts).
Dysgraphia: writing problems. Dysgraphia and dyspraxia are very different, but they often have similar symptoms, such as unorganized writing.
ADHD: It is difficult for a child with attention deficit hyperactivity to remain still, concentrate, anticipate the consequences of their actions and control their impulsivity. Approximately half of children with dyspraxia also face these types of difficulties.

Games and exercises where children can work dyspraxia.

GamesImage
1.The game of the chair.
2.Jump on the hopscotch
3.Play with bubbles or soap bubbles
Sack races
The swing
Pin the tail on the donkey

"Dyspraxia can be very unpleasant for your child and for you. But your child can succeed with the right tools and support. By feeling your love and support, your child will retain a sense of self-esteem and this will help him to stand firm."

Reference:

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